▷ Types of Computers » Characteristics, Uses and Examples

Either used as work tools or with recreational purposes, the different types of computers that exist today are valuable and useful devices that make life easier for us. La clasificación de computadoras va desde las supercomputadoras destinada a la investigação o la seguridad, hasta pequeños portábilis que caben en nuestro bolsillo, cada una con un objetivo y características specificas.

Types of operating systems:
Cuáles son, funciones, usos y ejemplos de sistemas operativos

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Supercomputers

Son las computadoras más potentes. It is actually a set of computers integrated into one unit. Also known as computers of high performance. These incredible machines process an enormous number of operations in a very rapid fashion and consume a large amount of energy.

The world’s largest supercomputer realizes around 33.48 million billion operations and interactions per second, located in China and belonging to the University of Defense Technology.

Fugaku is found in Japan and Summit (de IBM) in the Department of Energy, also known among the most powerful, is in the United States. In general, these super equipments are used for scientific research, government affairs and state security.

Algunas caracteristics maines son:

  • Gran velocidad de processing.
  • Amplia red con miles de usuarios.
  • Special installations with specialized cooling systems.
  • Destinadas a grandes centros de investigação o asuntos govermentales.
  • Manejo solo por personal especialidad.

Breve historia de las supercomutadoras

In 1964, the CDC 6600 was released, generally considered the first supercomputer in the world, although some earlier ones were considered very powerful: U IBM NORC (1954), NIVAC LARC (1960) and Manchester Atlas and IBM 7030 Stretch (1962).

Later, in the decade of the 90s, the supercomputers counted with thousands of processors and the competition to establish new records became fierce, especially in Japan and the United States. In the XXI century, the progress was vertiginous, reaching levels of performance never imagined before with supercomputers integrated by more than 60 million processors.

Mainframes

Son computadoras de gran tamaño (although they are not as big as supercomputers and have a limited number of processors) and are also known as macrocomputers. Generally belonging to governmental institutions or large companies or corporations: Google, Facebook, Apple…

The computer is a system capable of performing millions of calculations per second and is located in refrigerated rooms especially suitable for these powerful machines that feed networks and computer centers.

Algunas caracteristics importantes end:

  • Last systems costosos.
  • Requieren de personnel qualified and specialized for water management.
  • Son equipos de gran tamaño que requiremente instalaciones adequadas en cuanto al espacio y la temperatura.
  • It can process a large amount of information simultaneously and control hundreds of users.
  • Mainframe computer information is processed at great speed.
  • Son usadas por grandes empresas o corporaciones.

A brief history of mainframes

The boom began between the sixties and seventies with manufacturers General Electric, Control Data, IBM, Burroughs NCR and RCA, among others. Entre los europeos destaban Siemens, Telefunken y Olivetti. En esos años la competition fue feroz y la demanda no muy grande, lo que provocó la fusión, venta y en algunos casos la retreata de varios fabricantes del mercado. Currently, mainframes are the most used option for institutions and companies that need to process large amounts of information.

Computadora de escritorio

¿Para qué serve la computadora personal? ¿Qué es compu? Las computadoras de escritorio son desinadas para ser instaladas en una determinada ubicación, ya sea sobre una mesa o escritorio. Pueden ser de uso profesional o domestica.

Estos ordenadores son muy versatilees y en ellos se pueden realizar diversas tasks. Solo puede ser usado por un usuario a la vez y pueden connectarse para formar una network. ¿Qué tiene una computer de escritorio? En general están compuestas por el CPU, monitor, teclado, mouse, cornetas, etc. Recently, the CPU has been integrated into the monitor in some models.

They are readily available in any technology store. La información sobre la computadora y su configuración nos puede ayudar a determinar cual es la que necesitamos. A partir de los 90 y comiencios de este siglo se volvieron muy populares, aunque en los ultimos años los portables han ido ganando terreno.

Characteristics of a PC:

  • No es un equipo compacto.
  • Su uso es domestico o de oficina.
  • There are many models and configurations that can be adapted to every need.
  • Son de fácil uso, manejo y mantenimiento.
  • Son más económicos que los equipos portátiles.

Breve historia del computer de escritorio

¿Qué es una PC? In 1962, Pier Giorgio Perotto, an Italian engineer from the Italian company Olivetti, invented Program 101, the first PC in history, which was later used by NASA in 1969. This technology was also used by ABC (the American television channel) for predicted the presidential elections of 1969.

En 1968 la empresa Hewlett Packard creó la Hewlett-Packard 9100, que fue una versión muy parecida al Programma 101, por lo que debió respond a una demanda por plagio. Then, at the end of the 70s, Apple developed the VisiCalc project, which was then also taken by IBM. It was a kind of calculator that acquired great popularity among computer enthusiasts and workers in general in the 80s. In the 90s, it began to gain great popularity. Today they are found everywhere: homes, shops, offices…

Laptops

¿Qué es una computadora en informatica? ¿Qué es una laptop? Son ordenadores portátiles capable of realizing all the functions of desktop ordenadores, aunque suelen tener menos potencia que estos. Por otra parte, se pueden transportar de manera más fácil due to its size, weight or form en que se encuentra integrados todos sus components.

Another advantage is that they can operate for a determined time without being connected to the electric power thanks to the rechargeable battery. The computers and their hardware characteristics are similar to those of a desk computer but of a smaller size, and they are integrated in a unique module.

Main features:

  • Easy to transport. Ideal for trips and location changes.
  • Sus internal components (hardware) son de menor tamaño que los de un equipo de escritorio.
  • It has a battery that permits operation without being connected to energy for a certain period of time.

Brief history of the laptop

In 1981, the Epson HX-20 was released, considered the first portable computer. Los beneficios de su facil transporte was the factor most appreciated from the first moment. With the appearance of Windows 95 in 1995, su venta se incrementó notablemente y el significado de computadora portátil took power.

According to the information on computers supplied by iSuppli Corp, in 2008 the sale of desktop computers was surpassed for the first time by portable computers. En la actualidad son cada vez más vendidas.

Netbooks

Netbooks are still more portable than laptops and more economical. Son livianas y pequeñas, con pantallas que no superan las 10″ o 12″. Sus funciones avanzadas son más limitadas que las de una laptop, pero ofren connexion a Internet, processor de texto, calculo, etc. It is an excellent tool for students. Also known as minilaptop.

Principales caracteristics de una computadora netbooks

  • Son más pequeñas que las laptops.
  • It has a battery that allows us to use it without connecting to electrical energy. por un espacio de tiempo determinado.
  • De acuerdo al diseño de la computadora y sus parts, no cuenta con unita de CD/DVD.
  • Son más económicas que las laptops.
  • Pueden pesar menos de un kilo, hasta dos.
  • Es un ejemplo de computadora muy adequada para los estudiantes.

Brief history of netbooks

¿Qué es compu? ¿Qué es computer netbooks? The term “netbook” has been around since 1999. In that year, Psion Netbook was released to the market without success and later discontinued. In 2007, the ASUS Eee PC began to be active, and then it came with an 18 cm screen. Después del 2010 fueron fabricadas con pantallas de 25.6 cm. In recent years, with the rise of cell phones and tablets, the use of computers has been affected and there is no such offer and variety of models.

Tablet

Las tabletas o tablets, son muy populares, aunque no son percevidas como computadoras y se defined en general como un dispositivo móvil. Están orientadas espacially al área del entertainment: reproduction de contenido multimedia y videojuegos. Despite this, it is possible to work with them and you can realize a large number of functions. Se usa través de la pantalla touch, por lo que el mouse o el teclado son innecesarios. Tablets are included in the categories of portable computers.

Main characteristics of the tablets:

  • No tienen teclados, pero toda la pantalla es táctil.
  • They are designed sobre todo para el uso de las networks (Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, etc.) and other recreational activities.
  • Se pueden editar textos y usar la hoja de calculo.
  • Last economic, practical and functional.
  • Entre los diferentes tipos de computadoras se puede clasificador entre el grupo de las portables.

Brief history of the tablet

Tablets appeared in the market at the beginning of the XXI century when Microsoft released the Microsoft Tablet PC. In 2001 Nokia developed a tablet called the Nokia 510 webtablet that weighed two kilos and half.

Various models were introduced later, until in 2010 the Apple iPad was sold to the market with great success. Today, these equipment are sold practically by all manufacturers in the industry: Apple, Google, LG, Sony, Toshiba, Polaroid, Samsung, Acer, Huawei, Lenovo, Hewlett-Packard, Microsoft, TCL…

Smartphones

What devices do you consider to be the end of a computer? Maybe cell phones don’t look like a computer, but, embargo, they are very complete devices that work through an operating system. They are also composed of a large number of integrated elements such as: touch screen, WIFI connection, integrated camera, GPS and many others.

Screen frontal de teléfono inteligente (Acabashi, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons / Cut, improved tone and resolution from the original)

These devices, in addition to fulfilling the functions of a telephone, have computer characteristics. Users of this versatile device can navigate, connect to email, enter networks, install and use applications, etc.

Algunas caracteristics end:

  • Allows you to read documents in different formats, including PDFs and Microsoft Office files.
  • Cuenta con pequeñas aplicaciones o programas llamados app especially designed for smart phones that allow a fluid experience with the user.
  • It has wireless synchronization with other devices, such as portable or desktop computers.
  • Ultimate multitareas.

Breve historia del Smartphones

The first Smartphone was developed by IBM in 1994 with an LCD MONOCROMO touch screen. In 1996, the NOKIA 9000 was released and later in 1999, the famous Blackberry 850 arrived, which was the first phone officially called a Smartphone.

La evolution del hardware en estos dispositivos ha sido dada, entre otras cosas, por la miniaturización de los elements que conforman, logrando un menor consumo de resources y greater velocidades. In today’s world, technology constantly surpasses itself and innovations surprise us every day.

The types of existing computers make available an amazing number of options that allow us to realize any activity of daily life through this incredible human invention: listen to music, view photos, work, watch videos, talk with our friends, search cualquier información, jugar en línea, etc. La clasificación de computadoras nos ayuda a elegir aquel dispositivo que mejor se adapte a nuestras necessidades según sea nuestro trabajo y actividades diarias.

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