Chile commands the battle to put limits on artificial intelligence

Santiago, Nov. 2 (Sputnik).- More than 50 scientists, divulgadores, activists and academics from all over the world met in Chile to talk about artificial intelligence and analyze innovative public policies and legislation that regulate us and avoid vulnerability to humanity.

«A diferencia de nuestro mundo analogógico, en el mundo digital no hay reglas. “Artificial intelligence is a useful tool and the major modern achievement of humanity, but if we are not capable of protecting human rights in the digital world, society will end,” Chilean ex-senator Guido Girardi told Agencia Sputnik.

Girardi is the founder of Congreso Futuro, the institution that annually convenes the international scientific community to treat technological advances and the problems that society faces and must confront. It has been developed in Santiago since 2011 and this year’s version, released last week, focused on artificial intelligence, “neuroderechos”, digital platforms and the metaverse.

Through Congreso Futuro, Girardi pushed in 2019 a constitutional reform project that creates the rights of the human brain, also known as neuroderechos. As a result of this initiative, Chile became in December 2021 the first country to enshrine the protection of cerebral integrity in its Constitution.

Currently, la carta magna chilena establishes that el desarrollo científico y tecnológico debe estar al servicio de las personas y llevarse a cabo con respeto a la vida y la integratir física y psíquica humana. In addition, it guarantees the protection of the cerebral activity and the information originating from it. All of this is integrated into article 19 of the Constitution, which enumerates human rights.

Since then, Girardi, a militant of the Partido por la Democracia (center-left), has united forces with people from his sector and also from the opposite party, like the current senator Francisco Chahuán, from Renovación Nacional (center-right), to push for projects of law that van en la misma línea, como uno que busca proteger la integrita mental y el libre albedrío, otro que regulas las neurotecnologías directas y otro que pone límites a las plattformas digitales ya los algorimos.

“Chile is the first country in the world that advances in the line of neuroderechos protection at a constitutional level, with an active academic community, with experts in law that are working even for free and with enviable transversal support. “The work of Congress Futuro has managed to unite the left with the left, the private universities with the public, the entrepreneurs with the ecologists and the civil society in general,” said Girardi.

El exsenador recalcó que su lucha no pretende detener los avances tecnológicos. «Las inteligencias artificiales no son el problema. De hecho, this interview could not be carried out without them, who control the communication towers, the cell phones and the technology to manufacture and sell the clothes they wear. El problema es el mal uso que se les está dando. They are used in favor of a business model that restricts freedom, privacy, free will and truth. “Las potentias mundiales y las grandes compañías se están apropiando de su uso y eso significa que también se apropiran de nuestro futuro”, he said.

Algunas de las problemáticas que questa aborador el actual debate son el uso indiscriminado de los datos personales, la producción de noticias falsas para aerer público, la generación de contenido para crear sesgos cognitivos que hacen creer a una comunidad está pensado parecido (theme que remeció la política tras el escándalo de Cambridge Analytica en 2010), the vulnerability of privacy and the abuse of algorithms to deliver digital content.

Los algorithms

One of the challenges posed by the exhibitors at the Futuro Congress this year was the regulation of computational algorithms that use social networks and digital platforms to sell and show content, a topic that, according to Girardi, requires immediate urgency.

«The algorithms are programmed only to increase the traffic in the digital world, pasando a llevar todo lo demás. Se elimina la neutralidad y la aleatoridad para potenciar contenido de major consumo como violentos videos y noticias falsas. En estas platforms, da lo mismo lo que publica un Premio Nobel que un terraplanista porque no está regulada la verificación de la verdad, y sin verdad no puede haber democracy», he warned.

Girardi pointed out that social networks use algorithms to generate addiction in users, with content efectista que les hace liberar dopamine. «In Chile, the average use of social networks is six hours a day, time that could be used for physical activities, studies or reading. Existe un retroceso intelectual en la actualidad, y además, parte de la adicción a las redes está generating tendencias violentas y suicidas», he said.

«La immediatez en la entrega de contenidos que provicient los algoritmos promueve el pensamiento rápido, sin reflection. It generates desconcentration, distractions and a light observation that contrasts with the natural thinking of humanity pre-redes sociales: pausado, con puntos, con comas y con concentración», added the expert.

«Si no se regulan a tiempo los algorithmos, las futures generations preferirán interacer con máquinas que con humans. It will be a form of dehumanization,” he said.

In 2021, when the Neuralink company of the entrepreneur Elon Musk published a video of a monkey playing video games through a chip implanted in the brain, many raised their voices alleging against the ethical violations of this type of advances. Algunos imagined a world of horror worthy of a film created by the filmmaker David Cronenberg, where the barrier between the carne and the mechanic is blurred, but Girardi is a supporter of putting cold clothes on those types of fears. El exsenador emphasized that technological development should not be put in doubt, that the advancement of IAs is inevitable and necessary, and that, with a good use of them, we can generate even more democracy. (Sputnik)

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