¿Cómo cleanar mi computadora por dentro y por fuera sin aruinarla? | Maintenance PC | Laptops | Comprimido air | Processor | CPU | GPU | Limpieza | TECHNOLOGY

El polvo is one of the great enemies of electronic devices and especially computers. If this element is found in large quantities inside the equipment, it can compromise its performance and even cause technical malfunctions. Por esta misma razón, es importante que los usuarios realizen el maintenance corresponding cada cierto tiempo.

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In this article, we will explain the last tools you need for the process, the steps to follow and other tips to maintain your computer in the right state.

It should be noted that this applies both to desktop computers and laptops, and that they can be used with practically any model available in the market, although with the respective care.

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Para iniciar, necesitaremos una serie de compuestos e instruments para darle maintenance a nuestros equipos. Es probable que algunos ya estén presentes en nuestros hogares pero otros derendre adquirirse en tiendas especializados o ferreterías. The ingredients include a can of compressed air, a set of brushes for manual work, a set of screwdrivers for special screws and a microfiber cloth. It also requires a cleaning liquid for electronic devices.

It is important that the bristles of the brushes are soft so as not to damage the most delicate pins of the computer components, as well as, of course, having several, each with a distinct thickness. Si sumergimos los pensiles en un vaso con isopropílico por 12 horas antes de utilizarlos, podremos evitar que las bristles se desprendan del instrumento cuando lo estemos usando.

PC and laptop cleaning kit: brushes, compressed air bottle, screwdrivers and microfiber cloth.  (Photo: Khataka)
PC and laptop cleaning kit: brushes, compressed air bottle, screwdrivers and microfiber cloth. (Photo: Khataka)

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To clean the interior of our PC or laptop, we will have to open the case or the complete equipment by removing the special screws with the corresponding screwdriver. Before proceeding, be sure to separate and guard correctly the screws to know in which space they are.

Once the interior of the equipment is accessible, we can start cleaning. Due to the fact that the computer’s cooling system must dissipate the hot air generated by the processor, the graphic card or the modules that regulate the voltage, this is conducive to the exchange between the interior heat and the exterior cold. Durante este flujo, las particles suspendidas terminan almacenándose en las partes internas de la computadora, formando polvo.

Using the compressed air bottle with its respective filter, we will clean each component of the computer, desktop or laptop. It is important to place a filter so that the isopropyl alcohol does not damage the hardware. Se recommenda desmontar cada parte aunque, si se trata de una laptop o simplemente resulta muy complicado, también puede hacerse con todo ensamblado.

The compressed air bottle is one of the most useful tools for maintaining a PC or laptop.  (Photo: CCSI)
The compressed air bottle is one of the most useful tools for maintaining a PC or laptop. (Photo: CCSI)

Tras haber usado el aire comprimido para quitar la capa de polvo de la surface y de los agujes pequeños, passaremos a usar los pinceles o una bracha para cleanar las parts más accesibles. Con suma delicadeza, pasaremos las cheras de estos instruments ejerciendo la miníma presión posible para no dañar los components e ir quitando las particles poco poco. It is important to use these tools in places where a lot of dust accumulates, such as ventilators and other filters, which, if they are tapped, the equipment can overheat.

Finally, use a microfiber cloth slightly moistened with isopropyl alcohol or cleaning liquid to make a final pass on the surface of the components.

La brocha, pinceles o paño de microfibra deben usarse en lugares donde se acumula mucho polvo como los los filtros o los ventiladores.  (Photo: Rock Paper Shotgun)
La brocha, pinceles o paño de microfibra deben usarse en lugares donde se acumula mucho polvo como los los filtros o los ventiladores. (Photo: Rock Paper Shotgun)

En el caso de las laptops, una de las parts que más se ensucian es el teclado. Para darle el maintenance correcto, tendremos que usar un destornillador plano para extracter una de las teclas poco poco. Eso sí, with much caution and patience, or if too much pressure is applied, we can terminate by damaging the mechanisms located under these small plastic plates.

When all the keys are removed, we will use a brush to remove dust and other types of debris from the holes in the mechanisms. Con toda la suavidad posible para no malograr nada. Cuando todos hayan quedado limpios, finally podremos volver colocar las teclas pero antes puedes limpiar alla la grasa y dirtidad que haya accumulado en los plasticos sumergiéndolos en un zón con con agua y un poco de bón neutral o con isopropylílico alcohol. Después de haberlos cleaned with a tooth brush, dejamos que sequen todo lo posible antes de volver a colocarlos en su lugar.

With the microfiber cloth we can also clean surfaces such as the PC case, the screen and the laptop cover. If we want our equipment to be maintained in a favorable state, it is important to realize this type of maintenance once a month or every two months, depending on the frequency with which we use the equipment and the location of it in the home.

El teclado es una de las parts que más se ensucian en una laptop.  (Photo: Kingston)
El teclado es una de las parts que más se ensucian en una laptop. (Photo: Kingston)

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