Cómo la robotica y la intelligencia artificial pueden mejorar la ciurgia y frenar enfermedades | Compañías

Los avances en robotica aplicada en la medicine sin duda están ayudando a dar pasos de gigante al sector sanitario. La ciurgía, por ejemplo, exige precisión y experiencia, pero su éxito puede verse perjudicado por el consancio físico del rujano, en particular por la pérdida de capaciadas motorices due to la repetitión de las operaciones y las tensiones musculares que se producen. With robotic assistance, surgical errors are reduced significantly.

There are no official statistics, but the existing estimates indicate that in France, 450,000 surgical errors occur per year, of which 60,000 are fatal, that is, 1% of the interventions. In addition, in the United States, mistakes are the third cause of death in the country. La robotica minimizes the risks.

Brice Prunas, gestor de inteligenia artificial en Oddo BHF AM, se pregunta si no séría el de las intervenciones cuirúgaciones un campo en el que la IA podría acudir al rescate del hombre para preserva lo más preciado para él: su integrita física.

The first surgical robots, mainly El Da Vinci from the company Intuitive Surgical, appeared in the decade of the 2000s. Por ejemplo, en las operaciones de oído interno, los robots permiten no tener que abrir con bisturí y optimize los resultados.

The 6,730 Da Vinci robots installed in hospitals around the world performed 1.6 million interventions in 2021, in fields such as general, urological, gynecological, cardiac and head and neck surgery. Pero los expertos también hacen hincapié en que los robots no son autonomos. “The surgeon continues to stand behind the computer console, but in the next few years the skills of the robot will increase and the role of the surgeon will be reduced,” says Prunas.

6,730 Da Vinci robots performed 1.6 million operations worldwide in 2021

The other advantage of the surgical robots is that they make possible early detection of certain pathologies, which at the same time guarantees an increase in the possibilities of recovery. AI is also used in conjunction with one of its derivatives (artificial vision) to analyze medical images and detect, for example, cases of cancer.

Recently, Capgemini España has been selected to design and develop an intelligent solution that will allow early detection and rapid action in neurological, motor and degenerative diseases resulting from aging. In addition, the IA system will serve as a support in making decisions for elderly patients with cardiac insufficiency and/or stroke. Otras enfermedades, como la sarcopenia, el párkinson o la pérdida de audición, will also be analyzed.

AI and artificial vision allow us to analyze images and detect cases of cancer

The project, called AI4HealthyAging, is part of the program Misiones de I+D en Inteligencia Artificial 2021 y forma parte de la agenda España Digital 2025 y de la Estrategia Nacional de Inteligencia Artificial. It will be financed by the European Union through the funds Next Generation EU and has a budget of 12.5 million euros.

The manufacturers of surgical robots have understood the need to integrate algorithms that determine standardized procedures for millions of cases, advancing to create self-taught robots that feed the data of human surgical practice.

Industria electrónica 5.0 y salud a distancia

Soldadura. The startup TheKer, an R+D+i company in robotic development, artificial intelligence and computer vision, has developed a microelectronic welding robot that has applications in any type of industry that requires electronic components. It offers the opportunity to implement the latest advances in robotics and artificial intelligence. “La industria 5.0 aims to develop artificial intelligence and cognitive computing to combine the skills of people with those of machines and achieve maximum efficiency. De este modo, podemos centrarnos en una production personalized y permitir que las personas se focalicen en tasks en que debe intervenir la razón, en puestos mejor valorados, más creativos y de supervisivo”, explains Carla Gómez, engineer and student at the Open University of Catalunya (UOC), quien, junto con Jia Qiang Ye Zhu y Albert Badias, es la responsible de TheKer.

Therapy. Las preferences de la población española en cuanto al cuidado de su salud mental también han cambiado thanks to las nuevas tecnologías. 50% of Spaniards opt for a combined modality of therapy online and in person. Convertir las redes sociales en aliadas, utilizar los wearables as a prevention tool to encourage the use of virtual reality platforms to replicate concrete scenarios, there are three advantages that ofrece the use of technology in mental health, according to a study by Cigna 360.

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