EEUU: ¿Por qué fluctuan los resultados electorales en vivo?

La respuesta corta es porque las personas commenten pequeños typographical errors.

As the local electoral offices count millions of votes during the night of the election, they share the results with polling and polling companies that transmit them to spectators who watch the process live on their television, laptop or screen. su teléfono inteligente.

In the process, the humans who report these results occasionally transpose two digits, adding one more zero or exchanging the counts of candidates, and causing a false election count to appear temporarily in the graphics of the news and in the updates of the social networks.

AP te explain por qué eso no es un problema grave:

DETECTED! … CORRIGIENDO UN PROBLEMA

En los ultimos años, los televidentes que miran con lopa han notado algunos de estos breves deslices y los han usado para affirmamente falsamente que discovereron las cadenas de televisión oa las offices electorales changing or eliminating votes to manipulate the results.

Sin embargo, estos pequeños errores no son un signo de nada nefasto —y, afortunadamente, las medidas de control de calidad en las oficinas electorales y firmas enquestaadoras garantian que ocurran vez y sean corregidos rapidamente—.

En las oficinas electorales, los empleados prueban el equipo para votar antes de que comienze la votación para sesura de que los tabulatores funcionen correctamente. El día de las elecciones, los trabajadores electorales informan de cualquier problema con los results, como las diferencias entre el número de tantes que castieron su voto y la quantity de votos registrados. Once the voting is completed, the officials use the scrutiny and certification processes to continue their search for discrepancies and verify the records.

The companies that track these results of the local elections and share them with the media on the night of the elections also have security measures to detect errors. These measures include the questioning of unusual data, the use of computer programs (software) to identify discrepancies, and the employment of quality control analysts to verify the figures.

¿CÓMO LO HACE LA AP?

The Associated Press, one of the various companies that realizes this type of vote report in real time, sends thousands of local correspondents to the electoral offices of the counties on the night of the elections to inform about the vote counts without processing. Los employados de la AP que toman las llamadas de los correspondents hacen preguntas para seguridad de que la informationa seaa precisa, lo que incluede asking if there are problems in the county of the correspondent and questioning about the details if the results seem suspicious.

Given that many states and counties show their election night results on websites, some members of the AP data entry staff monitor those sites and enter the results in the data base, entries that are also verified and vuelven a verifier.

Después, las verificaciones automatizadas identificar las inconsistencias en los datos y las remiten a un supervisor. Y el equipo de la AP de analistas de control de qualidad e invesgación electoral de tiempo completo monitorea y examina nuevo los resultados de busca de anomalies.

¿Y LAS CADENAS DE TELEVISIÓN?

Edison Research, the company whose data feeds live reports during the election night of the ABC, CBS, CNN and NBC networks, also passes a quality control process as the votes arrive and afterwards, said Rob Farbman , vice presidente ejecutivo.

In addition, in key states and counties, the company employs two people to review each vote count before it is informed.

Algunos errores son inevitables, dijo Farbman, pero “siempre se corrigen”.

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AP reporter Meg Kinnard contributed to this story from New York.

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Visit https://apnews.com/hub/explaining-the-election s to learn more about the problems and factors at play in the 2022 midterm elections in the United States. Follow AP’s midterm election coverage at https://apnews.com/hub/2022-midterm-elections.

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