Encenderán cuarta computadora más potente del mundo

The supercomputer was designed by a consortium of the European Commission, which hopes to establish “a fundamental element of a more intelligent society”.

The European Union will inaugurate next Thursday its new supercomputer Leonardo, the fourth most powerful computer in the world, capable of making 250 million billion calculations per second that will be used to predict and mitigate extreme climate phenomena or develop medical solutions and industrial applications.

Located in an old tobacco factory in the Italian city of Bologna, Leonardo is the second supercomputer of large capacity in the European network after the launch of Lumi – third in potential in the global classification – in Finland last July and has assumed An investment of 120 million euros.

Developed by a consortium between the European Commission, various countries of the EU and private companies led by the French Atos in collaboration with the Italian computer center Cineca, the supercomputer will be accessible from this Thursday to the scientific community and industry in Europe.

“Ahora estamos un poco ciegos hacia el futuro. It’s like working in a tunnel where we see some light, but we don’t know exactly our path: that’s where artificial intelligence and advanced computing are needed,” points out a senior European official, highlighting the role that these computers can play at the moment lidiar con phenomenos como el cambio climático o las pandemias.

In the case of Leonardo, an important part of the work will focus on generating models to predict with much more precision the actual natural events such as typhoons, hurricanes, tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, which will allow a better management of the risks.

It will also be used with medical purposes, for example in a project to create a map of cerebral connections that allows advancement in neuroscience, or another that seeks to generate a model of how the heart functions to attack certain anomalies or improve medical devices such as marcapasos.

A ello se suman las aplicaciones industriales, desde el amíto energetico al pharmaceutica pasando por la industria del automobile, hasta la seguridad national, ya sea para prevenir ciberataques o mejorar la seguridad de centrales nucleares.

“It is an investment in our future and a fundamental element of a more intelligent, safer and better society”, argues a senior official of the European Commission, which amounts to about 8,000 million euros for the investment that will be mobilized until 2027 to create and operate la red de superordenadores europeos.

At the end of this year, it will have two supercomputers of great capacity, Lumi and Leonardo, with the power to process more than 100 petaflops per second (100,000 billion operations per second) and five of the medium range (up to 100 petaflops) in Luxembourg. Czech Republic, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Portugal.

In the spring of 2023, a third large-capacity building will be inaugurated in Barcelona, ​​the Mare Nostrum, which with an investment of 150 million aspires to be the “fifth or sixth” most powerful in the world and will focus on medical research, while pondrán en marcha otros cuatro medianos en Polonia, Irlanda, Hungría y Grecia.

Y a finales de año echará a rodar en Alemania Júpiter, the first European exascale computer (capable of processing more than 1000 petaflops per second), which the EU trusts to be the most powerful in the world. Una tarea que se acompañará del despliegue también de computadoras cuánticas.

“Es una red bastante impresente si se considera que en 2018 Europa tenía cero. Ahora somos una superpotencia en computación”, points out fuentes comunitarias.

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