Espiar el mobile o interferer en relaciones con otras personas, conductas más…

Acosar o controlar a la pareja usando el móvil, interferir en relaciones de la mujer con otras personas en internet, o espiar su teléfono móvil son algunas de las conductas más habituales de las conductas de las ciberviolencia contra las mujeres por parte de hombres.

This was pointed out by Miguel Ruiz-Marfany, responsible for the Informatics Crime Group of the Regional Police, during his intervention in the II Conference on Cyberviolences organized by the Navarro Institute for Equality and which brought together around 70 professionals in its first session. It is a formative space directed to those who intervene in the field of violence against women (law, psychology, education and social work, forces and bodies of security, health, equality, etc.) to acquire skills to attend to women víctimas de esta realidad.

Miguel Ruiz-Marfany has signaled that it is frequent that men require their partners to show their chats, share their personal passwords, or censor their activity in social networks, generally, photos.

The inspector underlined that there is a “black figure” on the prevalence of cyberviolence (delitos not quantified because no data has been reported or reported) for different reasons. Entre ellos ha cited the “vergüenza” of the victim, the social and family pressure, the lack of confidence in the judicial/police system for fear of revictimization or fear of reprisals from the author.

Likewise, Marfany has shared among the assistants the Plan de Prevention de la Cybercriminidad con el que cuenta la Policía Foral para hacer frente esta realidad. This aligns with the plan against cybercriminality of the Ministry of Interior, and includes awareness in educational centers; divulgative campaigns; and collaboration with different entities and organisms. Finally, Marfany has explained some measures that can be taken against espionage applications and how to detect “digital traces”.

The managing director of INAI-NABI, Eva Istúriz, has opened the day, in which they have participated, as well as the inspector of the Regional Police, the lawyer specialized in violence against women Amparo Díaz, and the psychologist and implementer and coordinator of resources Attention Paola Fernández.

In his intervention, Istúriz has made reference to the challenges faced by the resources of attention of the victims in the specificity of this phenomenon, “so as to be able to offer an integral response to the women who suffer from this type of violence in Navarre. más reparadora posible a la víctima”. “Es necesario conocer las particularidades de este type de agresiones; que hacer y que no para la recopilación de prueba; y buscar el encaje de conductas nuevas pero typificadas como modalidad delictiva en el code penal”, he explained.

In this sense, Istúriz has exposed the strategies through which the Government of Navarre tries to eradicate this phenomenon: prevention (with awareness campaigns and from the educational field), prosecution of crime and comprehensive attention to victims. Al respecto, ha mentioned the future Crisis Center 24 hours of specialized attention to sexual violence, which will open in Navarre after an investment of 1.3 million euros from the European Next Generation EU funds and in the framework of Plan de Recuperación, donde también tañeran cabida los delitos de cyberviolencia.

Finally, the director is grateful for the assistance to the different professionals, “reflejo de la necessidad de formation que existe en ambidos transversales a este phenomeno y cuyo trabajo contribute a eradicar la violencia contra las mujeres y advance en la igualdad entre hombres y mujeres” “.


Con el título de ‘From violence against women to cyberviolence against women: intervention guidelines for the recovery of victims’, the lawyer specialized in violence against women Amparo Díaz has highlighted that, frequently, the experience of the víctima no llega o llega muy reducidad a los tribunales de justicia, dueto a prejudices y automatismos.

Therefore, it is recommended to act in a thorough manner and also incorporate the TIC (Information and Communication Technologies) approach, in the collection of reports and data during the taking of complaints, declarations, evaluations of information or similar to facilitate the “disclosure” de los hechos”, aportando las “huellas” de la cyberviolencia. “Recoger el relato profundo de la victimi es necesario para su protection, para su recovery y para el clarecimiento de los de los hechos”, he said.

The letter has also complained to other professionals who take into account the complex psychological dimension of the victims, “cuyas respuestas y behaviors pueden ser diferentes en cada momento del processo, y evitar emitir juicios de opinion que discrediten su relato”. Likewise, ha invited a las y los profesionales que evalúen sus “propios prejuicios y automatismos, así como su nivel de capacitación”, ha indicated.


Finally, the psychologist and implementer and coordinator of resources of attention Paola Fernández has offered a presentation on ‘The impact of cyberviolence against women in the mental health of young women: effects on trauma’. Fernández has warned that young girls have difficulties to detect situations of inequality in daily life, and that these behaviors will be found in the characteristics of their partners and not in relation to each other.

Además, las TIC contributuen a mantener el sistema de dominio, con consecuencias sociales y personales particulares (damage to the reputation, social devaluation, reacción antisocial – desadaptación social, isolation, autocensura, estado de alerta continuo, etc.).

According to the macroencuesta of violence against women that the Delegation of the Government against Gender Violence carried out in 2019, 18.4% of women have suffered harassment through social networks. El 7.2% ha recibido imágenes sexuallymente explicite que le hayan hecho sentir offended, humillada, o intimidada.

4.3% of women who have suffered harassment have repeatedly experienced how the harasser published photos, videos or personal information on the Internet or in social networks, and sent them to third parties through digital services. A menor edad, major es la incidence; in less than a decade, crimes of contact via technology with minors of 16 years with sexual fines have been multiplied by five in Spain.


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