Estudio de campos magnéticos terrestres verifica relatos biblicos

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▲ Yoav Vaknin, during the analysis of the remains of ancient populations.Photo University of Tel Aviv

Juan Ibarra

Periódico La Jornada
Wednesday, October 26, 2022, p. 2

A multidisciplinary team of Israeli researchers managed to reconstruct 21 archaeological layers using terrestrial magnetic fields in ancient populations that were destroyed by fire. The findings, publicados en la revista Proceedings, of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, revealing information related to passages of the Hebrew Bible, the Old Testament, including military campaigns in the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

The discovery, achieved from the reconstruction of the direction and/or the intensity of the terrestrial magnetic field recorded in 20 layers of burnt remains, exposed in 17 archaeological sites and two sets of pottery, allowed to verify biblical accounts by combining both de los texts, las fuentes externas al Antiguo Testamento y los artefactos recovered to achieve more precise estimates about the Egyptian, Assyrian, Aramaic and Babylonian campaigns occurring between the X and VI centuries BC in the southern zone of the Levant of the so-called Oriente Próximo.

Among what has been confirmed thanks to the implementation of geomagnetic techniques is, for example, that the army of Hazael, king of Aram-Damascus, was responsible for the destruction of the cities of Tel Rehov, Tel Zayit and Horvat Tevet, as well de la Philistea Gat, que se menciona en la Biblia Hebrea. The study also refutes the prevailing theory that Hazael was the conqueror who ended up with Tel Beth-Shean; It is also detailed that the cities of the Negev were annihilated by the Edomites, who took advantage of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Judah by the Babylonians.

Based on the similitude and difference in intensity and direction of the magnetic field, we can corroborate or refute the hypothesis that specific sites were burned during the same military campaign. In addition, we have constructed a curve of variation of field intensity with time, which can serve as a scientific dating tool, similar to the radiocarbon methodexplained Yoav Vaknin, a student at the University of Tel Aviv and the author of the doctoral thesis en la que se se marca la investigationa.

El documento publicado details how the scientists analyzed 186 specimens of 144 samples to test their magnetic direction. These fields serve the planet as a shield against cosmic radiation and charged particles from the Sun, and they change with time, so each era has its own huella digital, o intensidad hacia una determinada dirección. The technique used reconstructs the magnetic history of the Earth, so that it could eventually serve as a normative and complementary dating tool for each archeologist.

The magnetic field is invisible but has a critical role in the life of our planet. Sin el campo geomagnético, nada en la Tierra sería como es, puede que la vida no habría evolucionado sin élexplicó el coautor del estudio Ron Shaar, de la Universidad Hebrea, a un medio israelí. The magnetic field is generated by fluid and chaotic electric currents in the terrestrial nucleus. Nosotros geofísicos try to understand how it changes with time, because it constantly does, and try to understand why, and what are the mechanisms that lead to these changesdetailed.

Sin embargo, para practice dicha technique se debe contar con fechas de anclaje y modelos por computadora, pues el campo sigue siendo uno de los más enigmáticos. Vaknin also pointed out that the magnetic field is not equal in all the world, and although there are general aspects, particularities also exist.

The tool also has the advantage of not requiring large investments to be implemented, even though Israel only has a laboratory capable of performing these tasks. I really hope and believe that it will become part of the tools of archaeologists here in Israel and in the rest of the worldnow Vaknin.

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