Más jugadores y tecnologia: novedades del Mundial-2022

Every time more weight of technology, more spacious templates and more substitutions in the parties: the World Cup 2022 (November 20 – December 18) in Qatar will continue the trend acquired several years ago in high-level football, with the objetivo de hacer el juego más fluido y tener más en cuenta el risego de lesión o enfermedad.

– Fuera de juego semiautomático –

After introducing video assistance in the refereeing (VAR) during the 2018 World Cup in Russia, FIFA validated on July 1 the use during the Qatar tournament of “semiautomatic off-field technology” (SAOT), a tool intended for a acelerar y fiabilizar las decisions arbitrales.

This supplementary stage, put to the test during the Arab Copa at the end of 2021 and afterwards during the Club World Cup, allows the position of the players and the ball to be established at all times, detecting offsides but without replacing the referees’ assessment .

In Qatar, this system will use twelve cameras located under the roof of the stadiums and control “up to 29 points of data” per player “50 times per second”, while a capturer located in the center of the ball will send data “500 times per second” “, determinando el momento en el que está siendo jugado, con mucha más precisión de la que podría tener un ojo humano.

With the aid of artificial intelligence, FIFA specifies, an alert will be transmitted to the referees in the video room “every time the ball is received by a player who is in a position out of play” at the moment of the pass , y podran informar al arbiteri principal, de quien dependerá la decisión final.

It will be impossible, sin embargo, to expect the out of play to be totally automatic and end the controversies: once the position of the players is taken into account, it remains to appreciate if the opponent has intentionally put the ball in play, as it happened with the validation of the controversial goal of Kylian Mbappé in October 2021, during the victory of France against Spain in the final of the League of Nations (2-1).

– Listas de 26 –

Fin a la “lista de 23”, untouchable since the Copa Confederaciones de 2001: la FIFA elevó at the end of June to 26 the maximum number of players for each selection in the Copa del Mundo 2022, haciendo permanente esa measure of flexibility introduced during the pandemia de covid-19 y ya adopted por la UEFA en la Eurocopa en 2021.

The objective is to integrate the risks of contagion and quarantine, but also to take into account “the unusual period during which the World Cup will take place”, in November and December, in the full season of football in Europe, and from durante el verano boreal.

During the last Eurocopa, the selectors showed a certain division about this expansion, which, if it offered them an advantage in terms of the sports variety, also obliged them to pay more attention to the egos of the less utilized players.

English coach Gareth Southgate also valued that “electing 23 players is a competition” a tener en cuenta para un seleccionar while Luis Enrique, coach of the Spanish team, preferred to call only 24 players during the European tournament.

– Five substitutions –

The International Board (IFAB), the body responsible for football laws, validated definitively in mid-June the increase of three to five changes per team and per party, and a measure also introduced during the pandemic that ended by convincing all those involved in el juego

This amendment to “law 3” of football was decided by the IFAB in May 2020 and was extended until the finals of 2021 for team competitions and until July 31, 2022 for international matches, before being extended in primer momento hasta finales de 2022.

In October 2021, the IFAB gave each competition the option to adopt the five changes or not, with the Premier League being one of the most reactive competitions.

Sin embargo, el organo garante de las leyes del fútbol decided to extend until August 2023 the tests of a sixth change in case of cerebral concussion, and asunto delicado en el fútbol given that los efectos de choques en el cranio appear a menudo años más tarde , complicando la evaluación immediata, “con el fin de recollectar suficate datos antes de tomar una decisión scientificamente valid”.

cfe/dam/iga

AFP

Conocé The Trust Project

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