SAES trabaja para dotar de inteligenia artificial y mejores comunicaciones a sus mines navales

La compañía española SAES está trabajando para mejorar las capacitas de sus minas navales, uno de los principales desarrollos de esta empresa especializado electronica submarina. The focus is placed on areas of communication, signal processing and the use of new technologies.

Among the lines of work, the evaluation of signal processing methods based on artificial intelligence to integrate the automatic detection and classification capacity, as well as the adaptation of mines to the operational scenario, explains the head of the Línea de Seguridad Marítima de SAES, Javier Rodrigo Saura, a Infodefense.com. The company has implanted some improvements in the use of multi-core microprocessors, “a very important technological leap”, which increases exponentially the processing capacity of these systems.

The efforts are also focused on increasing the capacity of the data transfer rate in submarine communication systems through the use of different protocols. “Currently, the amount of data that can be transferred via underwater acoustic links is very small, so it can be increased via the use of protocols that are adaptive to the environment,” points out Rodrigo. The company has also modernized the mine production processes in the framework of its digital transformation plan.

En cuanto a la inteligencia artificial, commenta que “está permitiendo que dispositivos tipo mina naval, considerados como autonomos, aumenten esa autonomía siendo capaces de tomar decisions por sí misma in función de un aprendizaje previo”.

Minas móviles, red de minas y vehicules no tipulados

The company details that in the distant future, the integration of submarine communications in naval mines will allow the deployment of a network of mines that can function as a unique submarine weapon, mediating communications between them, giving the minefield of its own entity.

Otros de los retos es integrador nuevas countermedidas adapted to los vehículos submarinos untupilados, que aspiran tener un major protagonismo en los próximos años. It also emphasizes that the evolution of unmanned submarine vehicles is also marking the trend toward new mobile mines, that is, vehicles with detection systems and pyrotechnic elements.

Mina minea saes

Mine Minea. Photo: SAES

Tipos de minas

In actuality, SAES diseña mines de fondo y orinque, tanto en su versión de combate como de ejercicio. En cuanto a las minas de fondo, ofrece dos tipos de minas, las unidades de perfil bajo, o lo que es lo mismo, minas de forma troncocónica, y minas líndricas, designed, aunque no limitadas, para ser lanzadas desde los tubos lanzatorpedos de los submarinos

La empresa española asimismo proporcia para los tres tipos de minas versiones dummy designed for training tasks both in the area of ​​mining and countermining. Finally, the company develops the detection sensor system Target Detection Device (TDD) de manera independiente para ser integrado en cualquier tipo de carcasa y con ello simular cualquier tipo de mine. This system is widely used for tests and evaluation of systems of detection and identification of mines in counter-mining missions.

Rodrigo points out that “tener la capacidad de desarrollos propios en minas navales nos proporcia la capacidad de fabricar minas navales escalables, con gran capacidad de crecimiento y muy flexible ante cambios tecnológicos. The architecture of naval mines is considered as an open architecture with capacity to integrate new elements and technologies”.

In addition to mines, SAES supplies external elements for programming and maintenance and software applications to support the programming and operation of mines as a complete integrated solution.

The head of the Línea de Seguridad Marítima specifies that “the naval mines manufactured by SAES have a very flexible programming capacity, no siendo necesario ser un expert en firms de buques y, al utilizar tecnologia de sensor que se está usando en estaciones de meidas multi-influencia, considered as equipment of instrumentation, the capacity of detection of naval mines of SAES is muy superior to cualquier unidad del mercado”. Todos los elementos son comunes para los tres tipos de minas navales, agrega, lo que permite al operator to manage las three versions de mines de la misma manera, lo que reduce la curva aprendizaje tanto en actividades de operación como de mantenimiento.

Characteristics of mines

SAES integrates naval sensors, acquisition cards and signal processing algorithms that provide these systems with a large capacity for detecting and classifying contacts. They can also incorporate submarine communications systems, which allow the remote control of deployed units and minefields.

On the other hand, they have a set of detection sensors, which turn them into multi-influence units capable of detecting acoustic, magnetic, electrical, seismic and pressure signals. “The detection capacity of our units increases exponentially when simultaneously using different sensors based on different physical phenomena,” says the head of the Marine Security Line. In the present day, he continues, cyber security is a critical element, and naval mines have, therefore, several cyber security policies to avoid malicious attacks or sabotage through wireless communications both on land and in water once deployed. .

The set of electronic cards that integrate naval mines is SAES’s own design, which is a relevant fact, says Rodrigo, “because it allows us to minimize the consumption of the units and with it increase the operational life time of the same”. Además, no existente una dependence con un tercer fabricante de tarjetas electrónicas, lo que facilita el soporte y mantenimiento de las unidades durante todo su ciclo de vida.

SAES -resalta- es una de las pocas empresas existentes a nivel mundial con capacidad de fabricar sensores de campo eléctrico. This sensor has similar detection characteristics to magnetic sensors, but it extends the capabilities of detecting targets that integrate magnetic firm reduction systems such as, for example, Degaussing.

Together with the cards, the firm develops the set of mechanical elements, which gives autonomy in terms of production, support and maintenance of the units. La compañía diseña, desarrolla y verifica todas las unidades de software que include el system de mines vales, no solamente el software de seguridad, detección y fuego de las mines, sino también de los sistemas externos para su programming y maintenance. The three types of mines have a large number of elements in common, which makes it easy to support and maintain naval mines throughout the entire cycle of life.

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