Sistema ES-Alert: desinforman sobre su fungionamento




En redes sociales se han difundido varios mensages que questionan el system de alertes que se se reciban en los telefonos mobiles en caso de catástrofe. Some users believe that the Government has access to your phone number without permission and others are asking if it is possible to block this type of alerts. En VerificaRTVE te explicamos cómo se enviare estas alertes realente y que puedes hacer para activarlas y deactivarlas.

Un usuario se escandaliza en Twitter: “Esta noticia no tiene ningún sentido […] Como consiguen los números ???”. Denuncia que “en España NO es legal , vulnera los derechos” and que “No pueden interceptar la señal de tu móvil es totally illegal en España a no ser que lo orderne un juez”. Another user complains: “A la y la privacidad de datos con que consentimiento tienen ellos se usar mi número de teléfono para esta pantomima???”. A pesar de estos mensajes, lo cierto es que para activar las alertsa no es necesario conocer tu número, ni se trata de un sistema illegal.

On October 24, the Ministry of the Interior announced that it would begin sending alert messages to citizens in a random manner. ensayo del protocolo de aviso rápido en caso de emergency o catástrofe, conocido como ES-Alert. The tests are done through the Directorate General of Civil Protection and Emergencies until November 16. En una note de Protección Civil explaining that “they will send simulated messages alerting to a risk of civil protection and a beep, accompanied by vibration, in mobile phones will alert the reception of the message”.

You can see below an example of this type of test message received in the area of ​​Extremadura on October 27.






Mensaje de alerta de prueba a un teléfono mobile en la zone de Extremadura el 27 de octubre VerificaRTVE

Interior no controla a los destinatarios, ni utiliza tu número de teléfono

Desde RTVE ya te explicamos que el Minsterio del Interior no controla a los recipientios. El the alert system does not use the phone number to send the message, but it is a “blind” system that sends alerts to SIM cards directly cuando se encuentre dentro de la zone afecta.

In the Spanish case, Protección Civil has opted for the Cell Broadcast service, which, according to the European Association of Emergency Numbers (EENA), “is a standardized technology that allows sending alerts to a geolocalized population, directly on mobile phones” and that in this way “the public authorities can use this technology to instantly alert the present population about a catastrophe and in a way that respects privacy”. SIA, la compañía de Indra specialized in cyber security and in charge of the technical development of ES-Alert, explained in an interview with El País that “las antennas will radiate, as broadcast or transmission, the alert will be sent to all terminals that are connected to them” . Por lo que no utilizan tu número de teléfono.

Tampoco se trata de un acto illegal. The implementation of a system of alerts in case of emergency or catastrophe is regulated by the European Directive 1972/2018 (Código Europeo de Comunicaciones Electrónicas) “which establishes that countries have a system of these characteristics as of June 2022”, explaining en una nota informativa desde la Dirección General de Protección Civil. In addition, it is included in the measures of the Plan for Connectivity and Digital Infrastructures that are found within the Plan of Recovery, Transformation and Resiliency. This system is not exclusive to Spain, it is also implemented in the EU. (Wireless Emergency Alerts), Japan (J-Alert) and Holland (NL-Alert), among others.

Activate and deactivate las alertas

Si quieres recibir este tipo de alertes o por el contrario, prefieres que no se te notificen, We explain how you can configure your mobile phone for this type of notifications. In the case of mobile phones with the Android system, the activation system is not unique and depends on the device. In most cases, it can be accessed starting from the “Settings” menu, then “Notifications” (in some cases, you will have to go to “Advanced Settings”). Después accede a “Alertas Emergencias Inalámbricas”. Inside you will find the option “Pre-Alerta Civil Protection”, a button that you can activate or deactivate according to your preference. Por lo general, this option appears or activates.

In case of iPhone and iOS system, the option can be disabled by default. To activate or deactivate it, go to “Notifications” in “Settings” and, scrolling down to the end of the page, we find the option “Civil Protection Pre-Alerts”. You must keep in mind that it is possible that This option is not available in previous versions of iOS 16.






On the left, captures the notification settings of a mobile phone with Android system. To the right, captures the adjustments in iOS VerificaRTVE

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