Talgo and its unique technology in the world turn 80 years old

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  • La empresa ferroviaria se ha convertido en estas ocho decasas en un líder tecnológico de referencia mundial thanks to its uniquely distinctive technology
  • Los trenes que hoy fabrica Talgo se han construido sobre los conceptos innovatores fundacionales, lo que le ha aportado a Talgo una clara competitive advantage.
  • The successful multinational employs more than 2,600 people from 47 nationalities and operates in Europe, North America, Middle East and Central Asia, with an industrial presence in seven countries.

Talgo, la compañía española líder en diseño, fabricación y mantenimiento de vehicules ferroviarios ligeros de alta velocidad, commemorates today, October 28, 2022, the 80th anniversary of its foundation by José Luis de Oriol y Urigüen and Alejandro Goicoechea Omar. With innovation as the foundational essence of the company, Talgo is today a global technological leader, a company recognized for its capacity for innovation, unique technology and reliability, and a world referent for sustainable trains of high speed, long and medium distance, designed y manufactured in Spain in its entirety.

Talgo was born as a pioneer project that modernized the railroad in Spain with its concept of a light articulated train and independent wheel, and a faster train that allowed reducing energy consumption, tractor effort and travel times, increasing security and confort de los pasajeros. En 1942, la alliance de los dos pioneros, un ingeniero que perseveró en una idea revolucionaria y un empresario que lo empeñó practically todo por creer en esa idea. The technology of Talgo was then considered revolutionary, completely different from the one that was invented in 1825, more than a century ago, in the United Kingdom. This Talgo technology was characterized by many differentials that still persist today: lightness, low energy consumption, accessibility and comfort for travelers, and resistance and low maintenance costs.

These differentiating values, together with the innovation that has always characterized the company, have allowed Talgo to become a technological referent for 80 years. Los trenes que hoy diseña y fabrica Talgo se han construido sobre los conceptos innovatores fundacionales, que han aportado a Talgo una avantage competição clara. Así se refleksa en sus trenes bandera en el mundo, como son el tren de muy alta velocidad Talgo Avril, el tren del futuro alemán ICE L (Talgo 230) y el tren de alta velocidad que cruza daily el desierto de Saudi Arabia entre La Mecca y Medina.

Carlos Palacio Oriol, President of Talgo, has said: “Estos 80 años han estado definido por el espíritu innovator fundacional que nos caracterização y que ha allowedo us, desde nuestros inicias, posicionarnos en la vanguardia del desarrollo industrial. Our mission is to continue working so that every country and person can benefit from the technological advantages that our trains offer, which are the reference of security, technological innovation, sustainability, excellence, and comfort in the global railway industry”. And he added: “I want to thank all the people who work in Talgo for their commitment, dedication and effort to make this company a technological leader of the world railway market”.

The growth has accompanied the development of Talgo, which, during these eight decades, has expanded internationally, advancing the needs of railway transport, and expanding and diversifying its portfolio. This has translated into exponential growth until becoming a successful multinational that employs more than 2,600 people from 47 nationalities, reaching a good part of Europe, North America, the Middle East and Central Asia, with an industrial presence in seven countries ( entre los que se encuentra Estados Unidos o Alemania).

Talgo technology is unique in the world

The technology of Talgo allows its trains to be the only ones in the world with a single floor and low platform level, which translates into direct comfort for passengers who do not have to take stairs, and in less time for boarding and desembarque de viajeros. Their trains are also the only ones capable of taking maximum advantage of the European gauge, which implies a greater width of the railway vehicles, which allows more passengers to be transported with greater comfort for these.

These and other competitive advantages combined have made the trains of the company have been converted into a reference for their maximum efficiency for the transported traveler, al combining the maximum speed and a greater capacity of seats with a lower weight in tare and therefore a lower need de potencia comparada para la misma longitud de train. In the actual climate emergency scenario, this energy efficiency translates immediately and also has a minimal impact on greenhouse gas emissions.

Talgo, además, es referente en nuevos desarrollos en materiales compuestos, que permiten reducir el peso de las rodaduras y otros elements de los vehicules ferroviarios en un 50%, aligerando even más el peso de un train que ya es, por definición, liviano . The company also advances in new traction technologies, such as the Vittal One train powered by green hydrogen, whose prototype is TPH2 se encuentra actualmente en fase de pruebas dinámicas y que la fabricante va a desplegar en collaboración con Repsol.

Talgo Avril, el tren de muy alta velocidad más avanzado de Talgo

Talgo Avril es el tren de muy alta velocidad más avanzado de Talgo, un referente de calidad y competitividad operativa en el segmento de la muy alta velocidad ferroviaria. It forms part of a highly flexible technological platform that allows each delivery to be adapted to the increasingly complex needs of the European railway market with different blocks based on its interior commercial configuration, its capacity to change track width (Ibérico and international), and su equipamiento para ser operado en varios tipos de redes ferroviarias.

Its high capacity and light weight allow Avril trains to minimize energy consumption and multiply efficiency, which in turn contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving even more train positioning as a mode of transport more sustainable. In addition, its composition of 12 passenger cars and 200 meters in length is located on a unique floor and the same height as the platform, which allows travelers to access the train and move around the interior without stairs or ramps. It is a unique feature of Talgo that not only facilitates the access of people with reduced mobility, but also offers a simple trip to all passengers, from parents with baby carriages to travelers with bulky equipment or bicycles.

ICE L de Talgo: referencia europea en el transporte internacional de larga distancia

The so-called ICE L is a long-distance train that is being designed and manufactured by Talgo and that has been chosen by the German operator Deutsche Bahn to become the new design reference for the trains of the future. This new train, based on the Talgo 230 platform, will offer the highest standards of accessibility, as it will be the first long-haul train in Germany that allows full access at the level of the platform and on a single floor. Su acceso sin escalones, ya la altura del andén, es una characteristica de los trenes manufactured por Talgo, que facilitará el viaje a todos los pasajeros. In addition, los ICE L will facilitate the mobilidad inside the train and contarán con las más altas prestaciones.

Regarding the technical characteristics, the ICE L will consist of a multi-system locomotive (compatible with different power supply voltages and different signaling systems) and 17 passenger cars, with a number that can later be adapted to demand, thanks to the versatility of train In addition to being used with the Talgo locomotive, these trains will be compatible with other tractors, guaranteeing a high level of interoperability: they will be international trains and in fact it is expected that they will operate domestic routes in Germany, and that they will also connect Germany with the Netherlands, Austria and the border de Suiza.

The German operator Deutsche Bahn will use this train designed and manufactured by Talgo to promote the decarbonization of mobility in central Europe with long-distance services, thanks to the vehicle’s lower weight and lower energy consumption. This model, based on the Talgo 230 platform, will also be used by the Danish operator DSB to contribute to decarbonizing mobility in its railway network.

El AVE a la Mecca, el mayor reto tecnológico de la historia del ferrocarril

With the high-speed project in Saudi Arabia (Haramain), Talgo faced what is probably the biggest technological challenge in the history of the railroad: supplying a fleet of trains capable of circulating at more than 300 km/h in an environment more hostil del planeta. Los trenes Talgo 350, gracias a sus caracteristics tecniques y constructivas, hacen hoy por hoy frente tanto a temperaturas extremas como a los efectos abrasivos de la arena del desierto.

The construction of the Talgo 350 for the Haramain involved the development of patents in matters as diverse as protection against dust and sand, security and comfort for travelers in extreme weather or new solutions to reduce wear and tear between the wheel and the carril en el desierto. The trains adapted to the climate and geographical particularities, reinforcing the systems with the so-called “desert pack”, which incorporates more than 30 additional technologies specifically developed for this project. Estas tecnologías tienen como finalidad la eficacia del tren ante cualquier condición ambiental y la mejora de la eficiencia del mantenimiento.

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