“Un mobile en manos de un menor puede ser un arma contra sí mismo y contra los demás”

María José Abad, coordinator of the Empantallados educational platform, explained in a recent interview with ABC that age is not the determining factor for children, but it depends on their maturity. Eso sí, desde el mismo momento en el que los parents se lo regalan al hijo, los primeros deben asumir que tienen una nueva tarea en su lista de quehaceres diarios: educar al minor en el buen uso de las nuevas tecnologías. Y es que uno de los errores más comunes que se cometen, señalaba Abad, es esperar a la adolescence para educar en este aspecto.

“Si les ponemos en sus manos un mobile sin cualquier tipo de control o recommendation puede ser un arma contra sí mismo y contra los demás”, he recalls Carmen Cabestanypresidenta de la Asociación No al Acoso Escolar (NACE) con motivo del III Study on the perception of bullying in Spainelaborated by Totto y Educar es Todo. This year’s report, conducted on a total of 2,136 people (fathers, mothers, minors and teaching staff), focuses on cyberbullying, the consumption of violent content by minors and the use of connected devices. .

Llama la atención que el 53% de los minores de entre 5 y 18 años encuestados considere que criticar a una persona en privado por internet no sea ciberbullying; que un 42 % tampoco considere que sea acoso online el mero hecho de insultar o que el 23 % no crea que publicar o distributer photos o videos de una persona en internet sin su consentimiento sea considerado como acoso. Y es que la diferencia que hacen entre lo privado y lo public para identificarlo como ciberacoso o no es muy grave.

Por eso, Cabestany insists: «Hay que pensar muy bien qué tipos de tecnologia se regalan a los hijos. Hay que enseñarles como tienen que hacer un uso adequado».

El 53% de los minores consider que criticar a una persona en privado por internet no es cyberbullying

El ciberbullying se ha convertido en una realidad que sucede cada vez edades más earlynas, dueto al acceso que tienen los niños a las technologies, mobiles, tablets e internet. The possibilities offered by the new technologies have assumed that the Network has also become a channel of aggression and harassment among the Spanish minors.

Según los datos de la encuesta, 1 de cádi 5 niños affirma haber sido víctima de coso escolar, principamente mediate el maltrato psycological (bullies, motes…), social (exclusion), verbal (insultos continuados) y physical. Of them, casi el 11% asegura haber recibo acoso cybernético. Sobre este ultimo aspecto, I call especially attention to the data from Asturias and Castilla y León, where 25% of children claim to have suffered cyberbullying, much more than the national media.

Technology sin control

Con todos estos datos, tiene mucho que ver el papel de la familia. De acuerdo con los resultados, en España los niños tienen su primer mobile a los 10 años, tres años antes de lo que las propias familias considerado appropriate. Even so, 41% of parents say they don’t have any type of parental control. De hecho, si se suman aquellos padres que lo tienen, pero no lo utilização, el percentage asciende hasta el 65%.

1 de cada 5 niños affirma haber sido víctima de coso escolar

Despite this, 84% of mothers and fathers surveyed think that the mobile phone increases bullying and 3 out of 10 say they are not aware of what their children are doing with their smartphone. Among those who checked the smartphones of minors, 19% affirmed having found content that was not suitable for their age and the majority considered that the consumption of violent or inappropriate content for the age of children contributes to bullying.

Currently, teenagers between 12 and 17 years spend more than six hours a day connected to screens, almost the same hours they spend in school. Los fines de semana el tiempo de uso de los dispositivos asciende hasta las 9 horas.

Despite the fact that the mobile can be converted into that “weapon” that Cabestany talks about, 34% of the parents believe that they monitor very little the content that comes to their children in series, movies, video games or social networks. Si se hace la misma pregunta a los profesores, estos consideran que un 64% de los fathers no está al tanto de los contenidos que consumen sus hijos en estas platforms.

84% of mothers and fathers think that the mobile phone increases bullying

In fact, 85% of teachers think that the fact that parents do not supervise enough and leave content in the hands of children in series, films, video games and social networks also has the potential for bullying.

Inside the college

Before this panorama, the figure of the professor, of the companions and of the educational centers, results vital and more taking into account that the 36% of the parents and the 43% of the teachers recognize that they have had constancy during this year in some case acoso escolar.

Sin embargo, of the cases identified as bullying, 54% of the children say they have not received adequate support on the part of the professors. In addition, 6 out of 10 children affirm that they have no support from their peers, showing the danger of passive attitude.

70% of parents and 76% of teachers believe that teachers and educational centers are not prepared to face this type of conflict. De hecho, casi el 30% de los docentes aseguran sentirse poco o nada preparados para tratar el coso escolar. “The preparation of these professionals is very necessary so that they can manage the cases,” he recalls Leo Farachedirector of Educar es Todo.

What remains the same as in previous years is the perception that parents have about educational centers: 70% still believe that schools hide cases in order not to spoil their image, an option while 45% share los profesores. In addition, 93% of fathers and mothers believe that the progenitors of bullies try to hide, minimize and justify the bullying of their children.

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